West Coast Online - Issue 29 - page 12 orangebar.gif wizard.gif skateboard.gif

Internet Setups

(Most of this article had specific information to help customers connect to WCO's service. Here, is only the portion that could be useful to all.)


How to log into the Unix shell without TCP/IP
Use your modem communication program to login, as you would calling a BBS. Your terminal emulation should be set to VT100 and your connection settings should be N81 (parity none, 8 bits, 1 stop).

Domain name delays

Everyone seems in a hurry to register Internet domain names for business or private use. Be sure to wait until your ISP notifies you it is ready before telling anyone about it - to avoid leading them to think you can be reached via email at the domain name before it is ready. Also, avoid publicizing your new domain name (e.g., printing it on a business card) until it is really "yours".

Shell Tips

To access a unix shell account, enter your login (case-sensitive) and password. This brings you to your home directory, where you'll see a prompt (e.g, a dollar or percentage sign). If you are prompted for a terminal type, enter vt100.

Reading Mail To read or send email, type pine. The Pine mailreader sets itself up in your home directory the first time you use it. Pine starts with a main menu of selections to choose from.

Reading Usenet News Access newsgroups by typing tin. Like Pine, Tin sets itself up the first time you use it. It usually starts by asking if you want to join such-and-such new group y/n/q. Start Tin with a q (tin -q) to avoid answering this question for each new group.

Useful Unix Shell commands:
du -s Shows your disk usage.
exit To logoff.
ftp Type ftp <site> to transfer to another site to get files.
ls Lists the files in your home directory.
ls -al Lists everything in your directory, includes size and creation date.
lynx Text- based World Wide Web browser...just type lynx.
mv Rename a file in Unix, type mv oldname newname.
ncftp User friendly FTP program, some terminals need the -L option.
rm To remove a file....type rm <filename>.
rx, rz For uploading to a system using X or Zmodem, type rz or rx.
status A script, a superset of the DU command, shows much more info.
sx For downloading via Xmodem, type sx followed by the filename.
sz For downloading via Zmodem, type sz followed by the filename.
talk Type talk <username@site> to initiate or respond to someone.
telnet To log into another Internet site, type telnet <site>.
w Shows you who's online in the shell (Unix) session.




carpguy.gif     Make your own Web Page

How to make a personal web page on your ISP's HTTP server:
In your home directory, type mkdir public_html. Any files placed in this directory will be available to anyone using a WWW client. Name your home page index.html. Internet users can access your home page and webspace as: http://www.yourisp.com/~username






West Coast Online

Founder/Publisher/Editor: Mark Shapiro


Administration: Veronica Shapiro
Contributing Editors: Robert Holland and Jennifer Pennington
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Distribution:
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Electronic PrePress:Fricke-Parks Press
Printed at: Fricke-Parks Press (510) 793-6543







I'll be the Judge of That

(By Robert Holland)

The worldwide web is a truly remarkable communications forum. On the web you can discover situations shared by such diverse personalities as comedian Rodney Dangerfield, actress Brandy Alexandre, and engineer Martin Rimm - people who you'll likely never meet. In this case, each has made public their views about real-life personal tribulation. Each uses space on the worldwide web to tell their side of the story.

Martin Rimm, author of a study about the availability of pornography online, uses web pages to defend his study against some of those who seek to discredit it. His work is cut out for him.

Rimm conducted his study while an undergraduate at Carnegie Mellon University. He managed to get it published as a cover story in a national newsweekly and in a law journal. His troubles stem from his refusal to allow peer review of his study before publication - which is unheard of in academia. Because of the national exposure his work received, he is now going through the review process in the public spotlight.

On the Internet, the light of academic truth can shine brightly. Rimm's detractors are having a field day shooting holes in his research methods, blasting his statistics and drubbing his unsupported conclusions. Clearly his work was not ready for primetime. As the dispute rages, and you can judge for yourself if the famous cyberporn study is worth its weight. For background on the whole situation, visit the HotWired Pornscare site at www.hotwired.com/special/pornscare.

Leading the attack on the study are Project 2000 researchers Donna Hoffman and Thomas Novak. Their arguments are presented at http://www2000.ogsm.vanderbilt.edu/dewitt.cgi.
Rimm presents his work at http://trfn.pgh.pa.us/guest/mrstudy.html.
He defends his work at http://trfn.pgh.pa.us/guest/mrcc.html.

Rimm is not alone in airing laundry on the worldwide web. You can visit Brandy Alexandre's home page to read her version of the disputes she's had with several of the men who run the adult film business. She told it to the judge on People's Court and won, but several persons owe her several thousand dollars. You can read about Brandy's dispute at http://www.kamikaze.org/coast.htm

Rodney Dangerfield talks about two disputes on his home page. There, among the jokes, film clips, family photos and sales pitches sit two icons pointing to beefs. First, Dangerfield airs his dispute with Hollywood insiders who refuse to induct him into their private club. Second, Dangerfield talks about a lawsuit he recently won. Visit www.rodney.com/no-respect.html to find the links, or www.rodney.com to check out his interesting website.

How useful are these sites? In the case of the cyberporn study, I found good information about both sides of the issue, although I found Rimm's arguments to be inadequate. His detractors have nailed him to the wall and left him squirming. Whether that translates into a retraction from Time magazine is another matter. You can tell I've made up my mind about it.

I found the entertainer's complaints enlightening. Each uses the web site to build a platform for understanding the person behind the personality. Alexandre's site is an honest insight into her life. Dangerfield translates his problems into a statement of his philosophy of life - something I found refreshing. Perhaps the value of their complaints is that they are told in the first person, right from the horse's mouth.

Should we take an individual's complaints with a grain of salt? It's up to you. In any case, it's probably healthy to get a problem out in the open and state your case, even if no one listens. And if they are listening, perhaps they can learn from your trials and tribulations.


Page 15 had ads for GTEK (www.gtek.com) and SonomaNet (www.sonoma.net).




Hello World (Wide Web)

(By Gina Faber)

You've got to get a Web page together in a hurry and you don't even have an Internet account yet. What do you do? Just have your computer professional friend with access to a WWW server make and put up a home page for you.

If you are like many people reading this, however, and lack the necessary clout for that simple solution, here are the fundamental steps to getting an account and creating a WWW page.

Chapter 1: The Internet Account

Getting online can be accomplished in many ways. Online services such as America On Line and CompuServe offer accounts that give you access to the WWW, but WWW publishing through those accounts is not yet available. Your best choice, for flexibility, cost, and support, is to get an account with a local Internet Service Provider (ISP).

As long as you have a recent-model modem and computer, you are equipped for the Internet. You'll want to get either a shell account or a SLIP/PPP account. If your computer is relatively up-to-date (runs Windows or a 7.x Mac operating system), a SLIP/PPP account is best, as you can get more advanced Internet access from it.

Make sure that your chosen ISP has phone numbers local to you! Also, confirm that your chosen ISP includes WWW space as part of the account package. Most SLIP/PPP accounts come with some amount of Web space, but not all. These accounts typically involve a one-time setup fee and a monthly fee for your online access time (metered or flat-rate).

Ask your ISP for the configuration instructions for your platform (Mac, PC, Unix) when you purchase your account. Don't be reluctant to ask for help/support from your ISP (and your friends and relatives) if you have trouble configuring your account.

Chapter 2: Constructing the Home Page

You can create your home page with simple tools. Use any web browser and a text editor or word processor. The content of your home page is strictly text, even if you include pictures, tables and special fonts. You create the appearance of your page by putting text markup codes, or tags, at appropriate places in the content. The web browser software on the user's computer interprets your commands and creates the page layout. The codes you placed do not appear on the user's screen.

You can create your home page with any editor able to save files as ASCII text. However, you will find that creating/editing your home page with an editor (e.g., PICO) on your Internet account's system saves time later.

The HTML template:

The following are two templates for making an introductory home page. Replace appropriate sections with information about yourself. If you don't have a picture of yourself in electronic format, or can't find someone to scan a photograph into GIF format, remove the line starting with <CENTER> <IMG.

The lines starting with <! are comments, and can be removed or left alone. The HTML tags (commands, see HTML TAGS at the end of the article) can be upper or lower case, but are shown here in all caps for emphasis.

When you are done editing, save your work with a file name of index.html. (On MS-DOS systems, you have to name the file index.htm. On your ISP's service, rename the file with the mv command to index.html.)

Template 1, a generic example:
<HTML>
<HEAD>
<TITLE>YourName's Home Page</TITLE>
</HEAD>
<BODY>
<H1 ALIGN=CENTER>YourName's Home Page</H1>
<CENTER><IMG SRC="YourPicture.gif" ALT="picture title"> </CENTER>
<HR>
<H2>Hello World!</H2>
<!- Welcome them to your home page, and talk about yourself -!>
Welcome to my Home Page. More stuff about me....
I work/hang out at <A HREF="URL here">company/school name</A>.

<H2>Cool Places</H2>
<UL>
<LI><A HREF="URL1 here">description1</A>
<LI><A HREF="URL2 here">description2</A> ...
</UL>
<HR>
<ADDRESS> YourName (<A HREF= "mailto:user@host.domain" >user @host.domain</A>)
</ADDRESS>
</BODY>
</HTML>

Template 2, a ficticious example:
<HTML>
<HEAD>
<TITLE>Joan's Home Page</TITLE>
</HEAD>
<BODY>
<H1 ALIGN=CENTER>Joan Smith's Home Page</H1>
<CENTER><IMG SRC="joanface.gif" ALT="a picture of Me!"> </CENTER>
<HR>
<H2>Hello World!</H2> Welcome to my Home Page. I will be making improvements to this page, so come back and visit again soon!

<H2>Cool Places</H2>
<UL>
<LI><A HREF="http://www.markshapiro.com/"> Mark's Home Page</A>
<LI><A HREF="http://www.1earth.com/"> OneEarth Gallery</A>
</UL>
<HR>
<ADDRESS> Joan Smith (<A HREF= " mailto:joan@isp.com">joan@isp.com</A>)
</ADDRESS>
</BODY>
</HTML>

Shortcut: If you have access to a WWW browser, and find another person's home page that is close to what you want to have for your home-page, use the Save feature of your browser. Be sure to save as source or HTML to capture the HTML text. Then, edit that HTML file to your liking, and you have a quick (though not too original) home page.

It is wise, as well as considerate, to write to the owner of any homepage you're borrowing from to make sure they have not copyrighted their page design. Even better, use their work as reference material to make your own killer web page...

Transferring
Now that your home page file is done, you need to put it in the appropriate place for the world to see it. If you created your page on your Mac or PC, several means can be used to move it to the Internet account: Of course, to avoid the "transferring" altogether, create your homepage with an editor on your Internet account.

Chapter 3: The Home Page Directory

Once your homepage is complete, and resides on your account at your ISP, you will need to create the directories to hold your WWW page(s). All commands to set up or maintain your WWW page are best typed from the Unix shell prompt. Either dial up your ISP's shell server directly or telnet in with your PPP connection.

The standard place for your index.html file is in a directory named public_html, under your home directory, e.g., /home/joan/public_html/index.html or ~joan/public_html/index.html. If this directory does not already exist in your account, you will need to add it. Contact your ISP for instructions, or follow this example:
  1. Log in, and make sure you are at the top level of your home directory. Type cd.
  2. Create the directory from which your WWW information will be served (with the permission level set so others can see it). Type mkdir -m 755 public_html.
  3. Move or copy your index.html file to this directory. (E.g.) Type mv index.html ~/public_html/.
  4. Change to the public_html directory. Type cd public_html.
  5. 5. Place your html documents (and any files your WWW page references) in this directory. Any files in this directory will be available to anyone using a WWW client.

Chapter 4: Test it
Your URL (Uniform Resource Locator) will be the way people can see your page. Usually, this looks something like http://www.site.domain/~username.
The name you give your html document affects the way that client programs can access it. If your login id is joan, and you name your html file as joan.html, then others would reach your web page as http://www.so_and_so.com/~joan/joan.html.

However, to simplify access to your home WWW page, keep the name of it as index.html, so others can reach it as http://www.so_and_so.com/~joan/. If things don't work the first time, try changing the permission levels of your home directory: chmod 751 $HOME (make your account accessible to the WWW) chmod 744 ~/public_html/index.html (grant permission to see the file).

An easy way to test your page is to use the (not graphical) Lynx WWW browser. Lynx is available on most Shell accounts, and is convenient as you don't have to leave the Shell to test your page. Type, e.g., lynx http://www.so_and_so.com/~joan/. Your page should be prominently featured. Type q to quit out of Lynx, or try testing the links on your page using the up/down arrow keys to select the link and the -> (arrow key) to follow it.

After the Lynx test, the real testing requires a graphical WWW browser, e.g., www.Netscape.com. In the blank provided in response to the Open URL command, type in your URL. The browser should fetch your page. Step back and admire.

Chapter 5: Happy Ending #1

You followed the directions, got a little help, and you've done it! Your homepage, in all its glory, is now accessible to the WWW.

Chapter 5: Happy Ending #2

You like your new page, but want to see what else you can do with it. In addition to the plethora of books available at computer book stores on the subject of creating WWW pages, there are several online guides to HTML and WWW page writing.

More home page creation instructions:


HTML TAGS - Brief descriptions

    Paired HTML tags:
<A HREF=""> </A> Hypertext link to another item on the Internet.
<ADDRESS> </ADDRESS> Web page author and Internet address.
<BODY> </BODY> Most of the text of a web page goes here.
<CENTER> </CENTER> Center text in the browser's window.
<H1> </H1> A prominent header.
<H2> </H2> A little less prominent header.
<HEAD> </HEAD> Distinguishes a part of a page from the rest.
<HTML> </HTML> Defines content as hypertext document.
<TITLE> </TITLE> The title of your web page.
<UL> </UL> An unordered (bulleted) list.

Non-paired HTML tags:
<HR> Horizonal line.
<IMG SRC=""> Inlined image, GIF, JPG, etc.
<LI> Listed items.

"It is the sides of the mountain which sustain life, not the top"

Gina Faber is the WebMaster at One Earth WWW Publishing (www.1earth.com/1e/), an Internet consulting firm specializing in WWW page design and improvement.


Page 16 had ads for DSP Communications (www.dsp.net), and the Megamedia Corporation (www.megamedia.com).

Page 17 had ads for Spiderweb Communications (www.spiderweb.com), and the Advocates for Self-Government (www.self-gov.org).




Wine-lovers take to the web

29-18.gif (By Richard Wolinsky)

Of the numerous commercial interests open for business on the worldwide web, the retail wine industry has established a strong presence. Most wine-oriented sites are online catalogs from which you can order bottles or cases via email.

Sam's Wine Warehouse www.sams-wine.com is the largest of the wine catalogs, with listings of hundreds of vintages. Other sites include the Ambrosia www.ambrosiawine.com and Gold Medal www.goldmedalwine.com wine clubs, Nick's Wine Merchants www.sofcom.com.au/Nicks, and the Virtual Vineyard - which was at www.virtualvin.com.

Some wine catalog sites are as entertaining as a phone book, but can be a godsend for those located far from a good wine store. As with a phone book, you need to know exactly what you want when you arrive. The catalog sites are not so hot if you want to know about a particular winery or need recommendations.

For help selecting a wine, visit a wine specialty site like The Grapevine www.winery.com, Napa Virtual Visit www.napavalley.com, Washington Wine Tour www.speakeasy.org/~winepage, and Wines on The Internet www.wines.com.

The Virtual Visit is great within its limited scope of 20 wineries in Napa County, California. You should visit this site before visiting the Napa wine country. Use Virtual Visit's main menu, which looks like an airport tourist information kiosk, to collect information on the valley's towns, hotels, wineries, and points of interest, as well as the Napa Wine Train. Emphasis on the area's larger vintners detracts from the value of this site.

The Washington Wine Tour deals solely with twelve wineries in the state of Washington. This site contains extensive wine reviews.

The Grapevine site is geared toward wine aficionados. Its winery subscription base is about the same as that of Virtual Visit (roughly twenty companies apiece), but it specializes more in the small, boutique wineries that abound throughout northern California and the Pacific Northwest. The Grapevine's home page has the appearance of a CD-ROM encyclopedia, with access to various areas through the menu and underlined key words. It contains enough text and maps for a complete wine country guidebook, has articles from a variety of wine magazines, up-to-date wine competition awards great for unearthing new wines to try, and also allows purchases direct from the winery.

Finally, there's Wines On The Internet, home to 9 winery pages, and another devoted to a consortium of 103 Sonoma vintners. The site features an "Ask The Winemaker" page and a series of regional maps.

All the wine pages link to others, so you can start at the Grapevine, go immediately to Sam's, from there to various wine magazines, or to the University of California Enology Department, and perhaps from there to Napa Virtual Visit. Of all the wine sites, the Grapevine has the richest assortment of wine links.

Wine connoisseurs should visit two other sites. Robin Garr is the host of CompuServe's wine and beer forum. Garr's Internet home page is a marvelous compendium of wine views and reviews. It's not a commercial site, so the reviews are unbiased. The Outrageous Wine Lover's List contains all sorts of materials on wine, including recommendations, jokes, and the latest scientific information.

Speaking of science, the CSIRO Grapevine Server for Vintners is a professional online journal geared to winemakers. Here, one can learn about roots, soils, and so on, from the standpoint of the commercial grower. If you want to make your own wine, this is the site for you.

That pretty much covers it. The way to find all these sites (and more) is to visit the Yahoo Web Directory www.yahoo.com, click on "Entertainment," then "Drinks," and then "Wine."


Page 18 had ads for San Francisco Reservations (www.hotelres.com), StreetNet (www.streetnet.com), Black Tie Records (www.wco.com/~blacktie), and The Sysop's Survival Guide.




An Insider's view of Radio Talk Shows

(By Andre Bacard)

It's 5:07 AM in California. The moon is still shining. I've been awake since 4 o'clock going through my rituals - splashing cold water on my face, doing sit-ups, and pumping up my adrenalin. My audience deserves the best I can give. So I'm trying to be as alert as possible at this ungodly hour for a night person. I arrange the notes on my desk and wait for WXYZ's producer to call. Will the interviewer be sympathetic or hostile? Ring. Ring. Show time!

"Good morning, Boston. It's 8:07. Stay tuned to WXYZ - Boston's wake-up station. In a few seconds, we'll be talking with Andre Bacard, author of COMPUTER PRIVACY HANDBOOK." Bacard promises that he'll wake you up!"

'm in the midst of my third national tour to discuss the soon to be a best-seller, COMPUTER PRIVACY HANDBOOK. This is such a hot topic that in a thirty-six hour period I was a guest on six shows. Fortunately, Peachpit Press in Berkeley and publicist Susan Harrow in San Francisco are doing a super job of keeping my schedule straight.

What is radio talk? It is a group of several hundred radio programs around America that discuss controversial issues. What makes it different? Radio talk is interactive. Listeners pick up their phones to praise, criticize, and debate hosts and guests. Radio talk, along with the Internet, is a relatively free-speaking media. Radio talk shows, even at the national level with hosts Jim Hightower, Rush Limbaugh, G. Gordon Liddy, Larry King, Ross Perot, and Michael Reagan, provide forums that mainstream television and print media simply ignore.

The Bay Area is a mecca for radio talk. I recently saw how dramatically a host can impact people. At the end of July, KGO's popular host Duane Garrett jumped off the Golden Gate Bridge to his death. Two days later, grieving KGO colleagues asked drivers to turn on their headlights in memory of Garrett. I was on a freeway overpass in broad daylight. In all directions, Icould see thousands of headlights. People do care about freedom on the airwaves!

(It's fitting to write this for Mark Shapiro's West Coast Online. On Memorial Day, John Adams was talking with me on the upbeat national RadioNet computer show based in Santa Cruz (www.radionet.com). To my surprise, WCO was one of the advertisers. I remember saying to myself, "WCO is everywhere".)

What about sex and radio talk? The August 1995 Playboy has a pictorial article entitled, "The Girls of Radio Talk, Rock, and Shock." This article featured two women who are part of talk show host Howard Stern's "on-air harem." In my experience, radio studios exist in a corporate culture devoid of harems. However, I'm open to new horizons. Howard Stern, give me a call.

Talk radio reminds me of the Internet. First, radio callers are anonymous. Therefore, they can speak honestly without fear of offending their "politically correct" employers or colleagues. A Seattle listener noted: "I work for a Fortune 500 firm that is a virtual prison. I'm forced to wear a badge on my belt that monitors my where-abouts, even in the bathroom. If I complain, I'll be fired. Thanks for saying what the rest of us can't!"

Second, many callers share juicy, gutsy experiences that you won't hear else where. One woman told us, "I quit my job and moved to another state to hide from a stalker. This unwanted move emptied my bank account. So what happened? The U.S. Post Office sold the stalker my new address for three dollars!" The host, sitting across the desk from me, pleaded with his microphone, "What has happened to America?"

Talk shows, at their best, are like highly-charged computer conferences. What are some highlights that I've experienced? It's fun to be reminded of the past. A Dallas woman said, "I heard you speak in Austin. Do you still wear the same Fedora hat? I remember someone called you the 'Indiana Jones of Cyberspace'."

It's great to hear from courageous people. A New Orleans caller said, "A Louisiana state agency requested my Social Security Number. I told them I have a right to privacy. They laughed in my face. So I sued Louisiana. The U.S. Supreme Court is reviewing the case." It's satisfying to open people's eyes. One caller asked me in a hostile tone: "Why should I care about privacy? I've got nothing to hide?" I responded, " Then go tell your boss exactly what you think of him!"

It's also refreshing to hear humor. One of Tony Brown's "Cyberspace Club" callers in New York asked, "I'm short on cash. Should I get a computer out of a trash bin, or at a flea market?" A second caller kindly noted that flea market computers might contain nothing but fleas inside the casing.

It's memorable to talk with historical figures. G. Gordon Liddy, a former FBI agent and a "dirty-tricks" agent, was a central figure in the Watergate burglary that forced President Nixon to resign. Liddy interviewed me for an hour on more that 200 radio stations. When Liddy told his millions of fans, "COMPUTER PRIVACY HANDBOOK is a must read to save your hide!", he made my day. Liddy, of all people, knows how valuable our privacy is.

What are common privacy issues for callers? Many people feel that society is full of bureaucracies which treat them as numbers in a computer. An elderly Oregonian was terribly frustrated. He said, "The Social Security Administration says that I'm dead. It quit sending my checks. I can't convince the bureaucrats that I'm alive!"

Another caller, in the Carolinas, said: " A man in my town had his life destroyed because a computer said he was a sex offender. The real pervert had a similar name.". Other callers are scared silly that they'll lose their health insurance or job options because of their "confidential" medical records. One man told me, "My insurance was canceled because I told my doctor I smoked marijuana twenty years ago. The computer says I have drug problems."

Computer users mention additional concerns. Many callers worry that their email and online activities are monitored. A woman in Miami confessed, "I read the Usenet group alt.sex.bondage. What stops the guy who runs my service from looking over my shoulder?" I told her, "Not much, unless he's tied up somewhere else."

Other people worry that online services with proprietary software, such as Prodigy and AOL, can read their computer files. One Massachusetts man told me, "I heard that Windows 95 will be able to search my computer to see what software I use. It's none of Microsoft's business." One woman thanked me for this info and said, "We need more paranoia in America, so people will get off their couches and speak out for freedom!" The clock tells me it's time to sip a Dr. Pepper and pump up for the next show. Give me a call.

What can be done to protect citizens?" What can people do? The mass media provide almost zero practical advice. Films like "The Net" with Sandra Bullock and "Sneakers" with Robert Redford scare people about our Surveillance Age but offer no solutions. So, I aways try to tell audiences that we need, for example, to copy European laws which ban the linking of databases. I also refer people to the pro-privacy groups listed in my book and on my web page (www.andrebacard.com).

Andre Bacard, author of COMPUTER PRIVACY HANDBOOK (800-283-9444), welcomes your comments at abacard@well.com. He is also the author of the best-selling book HUNGER FOR POWER, and is frequently called upon by radio media to speculate about future technologies.


Page 19 had ads for GUI 'N DA HOOD (www.dnai.com/~gui/), Construction Bid Source, and IBBS West.


End of page 19. Go back or go to page 20 or to Mark's home page.