|du -s||Shows your disk usage.|
|ftp||Type ftp <site> to transfer to another site to get files.|
|ls||Lists the files in your home directory.|
|ls -al||Lists everything in your directory, includes size and creation date.|
|lynx||Text- based World Wide Web browser...just type lynx.|
|mv||Rename a file in Unix, type mv oldname newname.|
|ncftp||User friendly FTP program, some terminals need the -L option.|
|rm||To remove a file....type rm <filename>.|
|rx, rz||For uploading to a system using X or Zmodem, type rz or rx.|
|status||A script, a superset of the DU command, shows much more info.|
|sx||For downloading via Xmodem, type sx followed by the filename.|
|sz||For downloading via Zmodem, type sz followed by the filename.|
|talk||Type talk <username@site> to initiate or respond to someone.|
|telnet||To log into another Internet site, type telnet <site>.|
|w||Shows you who's online in the shell (Unix) session.|
How to make a personal web page on your ISP's HTTP server:
The worldwide web is a truly remarkable communications forum. On the web you can discover situations shared by such diverse personalities as comedian Rodney Dangerfield, actress Brandy Alexandre, and engineer Martin Rimm - people who you'll likely never meet. In this case, each has made public their views about real-life personal tribulation. Each uses space on the worldwide web to tell their side of the story.
Martin Rimm, author of a study about the availability of pornography online, uses web pages to defend his study against some of those who seek to discredit it. His work is cut out for him.
Rimm conducted his study while an undergraduate at Carnegie Mellon University. He managed to get it published as a cover story in a national newsweekly and in a law journal. His troubles stem from his refusal to allow peer review of his study before publication - which is unheard of in academia. Because of the national exposure his work received, he is now going through the review process in the public spotlight.
On the Internet, the light of academic truth can shine brightly. Rimm's detractors are having a field day shooting holes in his research methods, blasting his statistics and drubbing his unsupported conclusions. Clearly his work was not ready for primetime. As the dispute rages, and you can judge for yourself if the famous cyberporn study is worth its weight. For background on the whole situation, visit the HotWired Pornscare site at www.hotwired.com/special/pornscare.
Leading the attack on the study are Project 2000 researchers Donna Hoffman and Thomas Novak. Their arguments are presented at http://www2000.ogsm.vanderbilt.edu/dewitt.cgi.
Rimm is not alone in airing laundry on the worldwide web. You can visit Brandy Alexandre's home page to read her version of the disputes she's had with several of the men who run the adult film business. She told it to the judge on People's Court and won, but several persons owe her several thousand dollars. You can read about Brandy's dispute at http://www.kamikaze.org/coast.htm
Rodney Dangerfield talks about two disputes on his home page. There, among the jokes, film clips, family photos and sales pitches sit two icons pointing to beefs. First, Dangerfield airs his dispute with Hollywood insiders who refuse to induct him into their private club. Second, Dangerfield talks about a lawsuit he recently won. Visit www.rodney.com/no-respect.html to find the links, or www.rodney.com to check out his interesting website.
How useful are these sites? In the case of the cyberporn study, I found good information about both sides of the issue, although I found Rimm's arguments to be inadequate. His detractors have nailed him to the wall and left him squirming. Whether that translates into a retraction from Time magazine is another matter. You can tell I've made up my mind about it.
I found the entertainer's complaints enlightening. Each uses the web site to build a platform for understanding the person behind the personality. Alexandre's site is an honest insight into her life. Dangerfield translates his problems into a statement of his philosophy of life - something I found refreshing. Perhaps the value of their complaints is that they are told in the first person, right from the horse's mouth.
Should we take an individual's complaints with a grain of salt? It's up to you. In any case, it's probably healthy to get a problem out in the open and state your case, even if no one listens. And if they are listening, perhaps they can learn from your trials and tribulations.
You've got to get a Web page together in a hurry and you don't even have an Internet account yet. What do you do? Just have your computer professional friend with access to a WWW server make and put up a home page for you.
If you are like many people reading this, however, and lack the necessary clout for that simple solution, here are the fundamental steps to getting an account and creating a WWW page.
As long as you have a recent-model modem and computer, you are equipped for the Internet. You'll want to get either a shell account or a SLIP/PPP account. If your computer is relatively up-to-date (runs Windows or a 7.x Mac operating system), a SLIP/PPP account is best, as you can get more advanced Internet access from it.
Make sure that your chosen ISP has phone numbers local to you! Also, confirm that your chosen ISP includes WWW space as part of the account package. Most SLIP/PPP accounts come with some amount of Web space, but not all. These accounts typically involve a one-time setup fee and a monthly fee for your online access time (metered or flat-rate).
Ask your ISP for the configuration instructions for your platform (Mac, PC, Unix) when you purchase your account. Don't be reluctant to ask for help/support from your ISP (and your friends and relatives) if you have trouble configuring your account.
You can create your home page with any editor able to save files as ASCII text. However, you will find that creating/editing your home page with an editor (e.g., PICO) on your Internet account's system saves time later.
The lines starting with <! are comments, and can be removed or left alone. The HTML tags (commands, see HTML TAGS at the end of the article) can be upper or lower case, but are shown here in all caps for emphasis.
When you are done editing, save your work with a file name of index.html. (On MS-DOS systems, you have to name the file index.htm. On your ISP's service, rename the file with the mv command to index.html.)
<TITLE>YourName's Home Page</TITLE>
<H1 ALIGN=CENTER>YourName's Home Page</H1>
<CENTER><IMG SRC="YourPicture.gif" ALT="picture title"> </CENTER>
<!- Welcome them to your home page, and talk about yourself -!>
Welcome to my Home Page. More stuff about me....
I work/hang out at <A HREF="URL here">company/school name</A>.
<LI><A HREF="URL1 here">description1</A>
<LI><A HREF="URL2 here">description2</A> ...
<ADDRESS> YourName (<A HREF= "mailto:email@example.com" >user @host.domain</A>)
<TITLE>Joan's Home Page</TITLE>
<H1 ALIGN=CENTER>Joan Smith's Home Page</H1>
<CENTER><IMG SRC="joanface.gif" ALT="a picture of Me!"> </CENTER>
<H2>Hello World!</H2> Welcome to my Home Page. I will be making improvements to this page, so come back and visit again soon!
<LI><A HREF="http://www.markshapiro.com/"> Mark's Home Page</A>
<LI><A HREF="http://www.1earth.com/"> OneEarth Gallery</A>
<ADDRESS> Joan Smith (<A HREF= " mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org">email@example.com</A>)
Shortcut: If you have access to a WWW browser, and find another person's home page that is close to what you want to have for your home-page, use the Save feature of your browser. Be sure to save as source or HTML to capture the HTML text. Then, edit that HTML file to your liking, and you have a quick (though not too original) home page.
It is wise, as well as considerate, to write to the owner of any homepage you're borrowing from to make sure they have not copyrighted their page design. Even better, use their work as reference material to make your own killer web page...
|<A HREF=""> </A>||Hypertext link to another item on the Internet.|
|<ADDRESS> </ADDRESS>||Web page author and Internet address.|
|<BODY> </BODY>||Most of the text of a web page goes here.|
|<CENTER> </CENTER>||Center text in the browser's window.|
|<H1> </H1>||A prominent header.|
|<H2> </H2>||A little less prominent header.|
|<HEAD> </HEAD>||Distinguishes a part of a page from the rest.|
|<HTML> </HTML>||Defines content as hypertext document.|
|<TITLE> </TITLE>||The title of your web page.|
|<UL> </UL>||An unordered (bulleted) list.|
|<IMG SRC="">||Inlined image, GIF, JPG, etc.|
Page 17 had ads for Spiderweb Communications (www.spiderweb.com), and the Advocates for Self-Government (www.self-gov.org).
The Bay Area is a mecca for radio talk. I recently saw how dramatically a host can impact people. At the end of July, KGO's popular host Duane Garrett jumped off the Golden Gate Bridge to his death. Two days later, grieving KGO colleagues asked drivers to turn on their headlights in memory of Garrett. I was on a freeway overpass in broad daylight. In all directions, Icould see thousands of headlights. People do care about freedom on the airwaves!
(It's fitting to write this for Mark Shapiro's West Coast Online. On Memorial Day, John Adams was talking with me on the upbeat national RadioNet computer show based in Santa Cruz (www.radionet.com). To my surprise, WCO was one of the advertisers. I remember saying to myself, "WCO is everywhere".) What about sex and radio talk? The August 1995 Playboy has a pictorial article entitled, "The Girls of Radio Talk, Rock, and Shock." This article featured two women who are part of talk show host Howard Stern's "on-air harem." In my experience, radio studios exist in a corporate culture devoid of harems. However, I'm open to new horizons. Howard Stern, give me a call. Talk radio reminds me of the Internet. First, radio callers are anonymous. Therefore, they can speak honestly without fear of offending their "politically correct" employers or colleagues. A Seattle listener noted: "I work for a Fortune 500 firm that is a virtual prison. I'm forced to wear a badge on my belt that monitors my where-abouts, even in the bathroom. If I complain, I'll be fired. Thanks for saying what the rest of us can't!" Second, many callers share juicy, gutsy experiences that you won't hear else where. One woman told us, "I quit my job and moved to another state to hide from a stalker. This unwanted move emptied my bank account. So what happened? The U.S. Post Office sold the stalker my new address for three dollars!" The host, sitting across the desk from me, pleaded with his microphone, "What has happened to America?" Talk shows, at their best, are like highly-charged computer conferences. What are some highlights that I've experienced? It's fun to be reminded of the past. A Dallas woman said, "I heard you speak in Austin. Do you still wear the same Fedora hat? I remember someone called you the 'Indiana Jones of Cyberspace'." It's great to hear from courageous people. A New Orleans caller said, "A Louisiana state agency requested my Social Security Number. I told them I have a right to privacy. They laughed in my face. So I sued Louisiana. The U.S. Supreme Court is reviewing the case." It's satisfying to open people's eyes. One caller asked me in a hostile tone: "Why should I care about privacy? I've got nothing to hide?" I responded, " Then go tell your boss exactly what you think of him!" It's also refreshing to hear humor. One of Tony Brown's "Cyberspace Club" callers in New York asked, "I'm short on cash. Should I get a computer out of a trash bin, or at a flea market?" A second caller kindly noted that flea market computers might contain nothing but fleas inside the casing. It's memorable to talk with historical figures. G. Gordon Liddy, a former FBI agent and a "dirty-tricks" agent, was a central figure in the Watergate burglary that forced President Nixon to resign. Liddy interviewed me for an hour on more that 200 radio stations. When Liddy told his millions of fans, "COMPUTER PRIVACY HANDBOOK is a must read to save your hide!", he made my day. Liddy, of all people, knows how valuable our privacy is. What are common privacy issues for callers? Many people feel that society is full of bureaucracies which treat them as numbers in a computer. An elderly Oregonian was terribly frustrated. He said, "The Social Security Administration says that I'm dead. It quit sending my checks. I can't convince the bureaucrats that I'm alive!" Another caller, in the Carolinas, said: " A man in my town had his life destroyed because a computer said he was a sex offender. The real pervert had a similar name.". Other callers are scared silly that they'll lose their health insurance or job options because of their "confidential" medical records. One man told me, "My insurance was canceled because I told my doctor I smoked marijuana twenty years ago. The computer says I have drug problems." Computer users mention additional concerns. Many callers worry that their email and online activities are monitored. A woman in Miami confessed, "I read the Usenet group alt.sex.bondage. What stops the guy who runs my service from looking over my shoulder?" I told her, "Not much, unless he's tied up somewhere else." Other people worry that online services with proprietary software, such as Prodigy and AOL, can read their computer files. One Massachusetts man told me, "I heard that Windows 95 will be able to search my computer to see what software I use. It's none of Microsoft's business." One woman thanked me for this info and said, "We need more paranoia in America, so people will get off their couches and speak out for freedom!" The clock tells me it's time to sip a Dr. Pepper and pump up for the next show. Give me a call. What can be done to protect citizens?" What can people do? The mass media provide almost zero practical advice. Films like "The Net" with Sandra Bullock and "Sneakers" with Robert Redford scare people about our Surveillance Age but offer no solutions. So, I aways try to tell audiences that we need, for example, to copy European laws which ban the linking of databases. I also refer people to the pro-privacy groups listed in my book and on my web page (www.andrebacard.com).